The peculiarity of the Mediterranean climate, characterized by dry hot summers and mild winters with irregular rain periods, has defined the distribution and richness of the flora found in the Iberian Peninsula’s forests.

The dehesas are the most unique example of the Mediterranean forest. Ancient forests of Holm and Cork Oaks, these ecosystems are the result of the interrelation between man and nature over the centuries. The dehesas are home to a rich biodiversity, as they are a habitat for the coexistence of such emblematic species as the Spanish Fighting Bull, the Iberian lynx, the Imperial Eagle and the Black Vulture.

A well-managed dehesa can harmonize its different uses and exploitation possibilities, such as livestock farming, hunting, cork industry and tourism, with the protection of biodiversity and endangered species. These forms of exploitation bear important cultural, economic and social significance, as they contribute to job creation in addition to preventing rural depopulation.

Among the many products offered by the Dehesa, undoubtedly the most appreciated is the Ibérico pig. This excellent local breed, carefully selected and reared on an extensive, free-range system, is fed by nutritious grasses and acorns during the “montanera” fattening period, and provides an Ibérico ham of established worldwide fame. Ibérico de bellota, or “acorn-fed” Ibérico ham, is currently acknowledged by experts as the best ham in the world.

Our animals are reared in full freedom and with the greatest of care in the PEFC dehesas of Andalusia’s Sierra Morena, declared a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in the year 2002. This unique natural setting presents magnificent environmental conditions, with a high degree of natural and cultural biodiversity, that define it as a representative example of southern Europe. Sustainable forest management of these woodlands guarantees respect for these unique ecosystems.